Even now its difficult to find very good information on the Web.
- Read our own more detailed account of the early history of dialysis.
- The History of Nephrology blog goes into more detail on particular issues.
The history of peritoneal dialysis is described quite well in an article that was once on the International Society for PD site. You can still find the ISPD history of PD document, maybe it is linked from here.
The ISN Video Legacy project provides remarkable interviews with Abel and Kolff, two major players in the initial development of haemodialysis. The ISN's historical resources unfortunately now require a members login, but if you have one they are available here.
|Stanley Shaldon's online lecture, from a talk in Osaka in 2001, includes a fascinating, prolifically illustrated personal account of the excitements and disappointments of the early days of haemodialysis. It is demanding of internet connection speeds and software, but worth watching.|
|There was a great Quicktime movie about the use of the Kolff Brigham dialysis machine in the Korean War on the website of the nephrology section of the Walter Reed Army Center. But it's gone. Let us know if you find it, and we'll point to it.|
Books on the history of dialysis
The best history of dialysis is now Stewart Cameron's book: J.S. Cameron, History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis (OUP, Oxford, 2002).
Previously the best earlier account was by William Drukker and was chapter 3 in the third edition of Replacement of Renal Function by Dialysis, edited by John F. Maher, published by Kluwer, 1989. His account of the history of peritoneal dialysis, chapter 22 in the same volume, was also good but less comprehensive.
Nephrology more widely
Richard Bright is widely regarded as the father of nephrology because of his classic descriptions of nephritis in the 1840s. He was a graduate of Edinburgh University who spent much of his highly productive working life at Guy's Hospital in London. The account from the Roscoe Robinson History of Nephrology Collection at Vanderbilt University is worth reading.
We also recommend these external resources on the History of Nephrology:
- The videos linked from the history page of the International Society for Haemodialysis include outstanding contemporary records of the early days of haemodialysis including even a historic recording of a lecture by Abel in 1914 (audio added later), early dialysis accounts, and pointers to more. Five stars. Lots of watching there.
- Stanley Shaldon - fascinating online illustrated lecture from a UK pioneer of home haemodialysis. You can find some fascinating and outstanding clips on YouTube too.
- Haemodialysis in the UK was a subject on the first ever episode of 'Tomorrow's World' in July 1965.
- John Hopewell is assembing a collection of UK renal unit histories at www.renhist.co.uk.
- John Hopewell's account of early dialysis and transplantation in the UK on the BTS website
- ISN video legacy project and other resources
- Short history of HD from Fresenius Medical Care
- A great movie from the Walter Reed Army Medical Center on the use of the modified Kolff-Brigham kidney in the Korean war - from the historyofnephrology blog. (The full video is included in those linked from the ISHD page, but that version lacks the audio)
- History of transplantation from the British Transplantation Society
- Milestones in transplantation from Novartis
- Timeline of transplantation from the Transplant Network
- The first successful transplants in man - Nobel prize lecture, Joseph Murray 1990
- Richard Bright 1789-1858 - from the Roscoe Robinson Collection at Vanderbilt University: the first accounts of albuminuria and dropsy, published in Vol.1 of Reports of Medical Cases Selected with a View of Illustrating the Symptoms and Cure of Diseases by a Reference to Morbid Anatomy, 1827.
- Robert Christison 1795-1882 - promoted and extended Bright's observations and first described renal anaemia, and was a founder of modern toxicology and major contributor to the first British Pharmacopoeia in 1864. Published On granular degeneration of the kidnies and its connexion with dropsy, inflammations, and other diseases in 1839. Archives
- Pierre Rayer 1793-1867 - Some information - and a lot of information from Medical History (journal) 2005
- International Association for the History of Nephrology
- National Library of Medicine (US) and ASAIO guide to collections relating to the history of artificial organs
- The HDCN History channel has a good list of resources